the underground city kaymaklı

The Underground City Kaymaklı

This the widets underground city of cappadocia region, it was carved out underneath a rock hill (Kaymakli Castle).

The first three floors were probably carved out by Hittites about 2000 B.C.  After that; Assyrians, Lycians, Persians, Kimmerians settled down in the region.

By the forth century B.C. the world famous greek comander Alexander the great occupied the region and become dominant. İn the year of 1000 B.C. Cappadocia Kingdom was established. The kingdom made war against Mecodomans, Galatians, Romans and Pontuses.

The Romans occupied the region in the beginning of the 1st. Century B.C. Roman empire accepted Christran Religion in 376 A.D.

Kaymaklı castle on the underground city   Stone grave on the Kaymakli Castle   Stone grove on the Kaymakli castle

Before that romans didn’t have official religion, Eraly Christian suffered a lot from the romans, Pagans and arab invaders. There fore they refugied in the Underground cities and they enlarged them.

Kaymakli Underground city was opened to the public in 1964. People of the town built their housed around the underground city and they linked their houses to the underground city with the underground tunnels.

First floors of the underground city served as stables for the domestic animals, because upper floors were higher and convenient for this use. On the second floor a lying down blocking stone, some living rooms, cometery and Christian Church are available.

On the third floor too many storage rooms, mill stone to make flour, wineries to make wine and wine cellars to store wine. In some of the wine cellars, some of the broken wine jugs can be seen.

Church in the Kaymakli Underground City   Kitchen in the Kaymakli Underground City   Living in the Underground city

On the forth floor, there are some more wineries and grape storages. A long gallery leads people to the communial hitchen, In the kitchen too many food storage areas, ovens, a kind of hard stone which served multi functions, such as morter, melting copper, barricade to block the passage to stop enemies (bazalt or andezit stone).

In the underground city there are some main galleries and inside them same sub division were carved out make the city very complicated to make the enemies confused.

There were also some wide areas where some of the important matters were talked and ceremanies were hold. The ventilation shaft is vertical and passes all floors down like on the elevator in an apartment. The depth of the ventilation shaft is abaut 120 meters in total.

The underground city was originally carved out as eight floors (eight storoyed), how ever four floors are visitable. In war time about 5000 people refigied in.

Stone door in the underground city   Stone door in underground city at Kaymakli   Plan of underground city at Kaymakli

 
 


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